HUMAN BIOLOGY IB (BIOENERGETICS) – Distance Learning Course

By: ACS Distance Education  27/08/2013
Keywords: Distance learning, correspondence courses, distance education

There are 7 lessons as follows: 1. Energy and Work • Anaerobic energy supply • Phosphate energy • Lactic acid energy • Adenosine triphosphate • Aerobic energy supply • Energy requirements for different types of activity • Breathing during exercise • ATP movement • ATP sources • ATP-PC system • Lactic acid system • Oxygen system • Aerobic systems • Krebs cycle 2. Energy Pathways • What is energy • The nature of energy • Units of measurement • Production and storage of energy • Carbohydrates in an animal or human body • Gycogenesis • Glycogenolysis • Gluconeogenesis • Hyperglycaemia • Carbohydrate oxidation • Glycolysis • Hydrolysis • Hydrolysis of metal salts • Hydrolysis of an ester link • Energy production pathways from different foods: fats, carbohydrates, proteins • Respiratory quotient • Resting quotient • Aerobic capacity • What happens during exercise • Recovery from exercise: Alactacid and lantacid oxygen debt, Replenishing muscular glycogen • Lactic acid • Calculations 3. The Acid-Base Balance • pH • What is acidity • The urinary system: Kidneys, ureters, bladder • Physiology of the Urinary system • The urea cycle 4. Osmosis and Diffusion • Diffusion explained and examples given • Nature and types of diffusion • Movement of molecules through cell membranes • Endocytosis • Membranes and their structure • Osmosis • Osmosis and filtration • Membrane transport: simple passive, active and facilitated transport • Chemical potential • Osmotic pressure • Reverse osmosis 5. Atmospheric Pressure • Altitudes • Introduction to atmospheric pressure • Partial pressure gradients • Effects of change in pressure • Equalising when diving • Gas solubility • Breathing at different atmospheric pressures • Calculations 6. Temperature Regulation • Introduction • Affect of temperature changes on the human body • Conduction and convection • Lowering temperature: sweating, vasodilation, metabolic reduction, hair, behaviour • Raising temperature • Vasoconstriction • Increased metabolism • Behaviour • Effect of temperature on enzymes • Ecrine glands • Apocrine glands • Energy production • Factors affecting individual BMR: growth, body size, food, thyroid gland • Fever: mechanism of fever, shivering, other temperature disorders • Grades of fever • Signs of fever 7. Ergogenic Aids to Performance • Introduction • Drugs: steroids, amphetamines • Oxygen • Vitamins • Water • Other foods: carbohydrates, protein • Creatine • Caffeine • Antioxidants Find out more at http://www.acsedu.co.uk/Courses/Science/HUMAN-BIOLOGY-IB-BIOENERGETICS-BSC201-249.aspx Or email us at [email protected] for more information

Keywords: correspondence courses, distance education, Distance learning, Study Courses

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