What are Talking Therapies?
Contemporary Talking Therapies
Counselling, stress, psychotherapy
What are Talking Therapies?There are several types of talking therapies or psychological therapies. Each type aims to help people deal with negative thoughts and feelings and enable them to make positive changes. Talking therapies include: counselling cognative behavioural therapy (CBT) psychotherapy psychodynamic therapy brief intervention counselling/psychotherapy other types of therapies, such as group therapy and relationship therapy These therapies are discussed in more detail below. Counselling The term counselling is sometimes used to refer to all types of talking therapy, but it is also a type of therapy itself. Counselling involves talking to a trained counsellor in confidence about how you feel about yourself and your situation. The counsellor will listen and help you understand your problem. They will also work with you to find ways to deal with the problem better. Counselling is usually a form of short-term therapy. There are several types of talking therapies or psychological therapies. Each type aims to help people deal with negative thoughts and feelings and enables them to make positive changes. Psychotherapy Like counselling, psychotherapy is also sometimes used as a general term for psychological therapies. There is no clear definition of the difference between psychotherapy and counselling. However, the UKCP considers psychotherapy to be more in-depth than counselling and able to address a wider and deeper range of issues. During psychotherapy, a therapist will help you consider how your personality and life experiences influence your current thoughts, feelings, relationships and behaviour. This understanding will enable you to deal with difficult situations more successfully. Several types of psychotherapy may be used to treat conditions such as: addictions depression anxiety self-harm low self-esteem eating disorders borderline personality disorders Psychodynamic psychotherapy Psychodynamic psychotherapy involves an in-depth analysis of how your unconscious thoughts and past experiences shape your current behaviour. For example, it may involve talking about the relationship you had with your parents when you were a child. The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) recommends psychodynamic psychotherapy for some people with depression. A course can last several months or years, although shorter courses are also available. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a type of therapy that aims to retrain the way you think to help you deal with stressful situations. CBT is used to treat conditions such as: depression anxiety long-term illnesses eating disorders panic disorders obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) NICE recommends the use of CBT for all these conditions. CBT is based on the idea that the way you think about a situation affects how you act. In turn, your actions influence the way you think and feel. Therefore, it is necessary to change both thinking (cognition) and behaviour at the same time. CBT courses are usually a short-term treatment. For example, a CBT course may be 6 to 12 one-hour sessions.
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