Tree Surgeons, TREE surgeon, Arborist And Tree Surgeon
For many centuries in Europe, trees were maintained at a certain height
with regular pruning.
This practice called pollarding, maintains a tree at a specified height,
sometimes for centuries, and provides a formal look
to landscapes. Traditionally, trees have been maintained at 20-30ft
tall. Pollarding can be used to keep a large, mature tree small
if it was located in a place with restricted soil space, such as a
planter, narrow soil strip, car park or footpath cut out. It is also
to control size if a tree has been planted too close to structures such
as buildings, street lighting or electric wires.
Once begun it is essential that pollarding continues. Preferably, the
pollarding process should begin when a tree is very young.
We would leave one to two inches of stub if necessary to ensure that
there will be buds to initiate next years sprouts.
A knuckle of tissue called the pollard head resembling a ball develops
several years after the first cut was made.
Most shoots grow from this tissue, which enlarges slightly each year.
Most are orientated upright; they do not branch and grow at a
rapid rate. We cut back to this knuckle at each pruning. Shoots
originating below a pollard head should be removed each time the tree
A clear distinction should be made between pollarding and topping.
Topping can be harmful to trees and can initiate
decay inside a tree. Pollarding is a high maintenance practice requiring
repruning every 2 to 5 years, however it can create
unique trees that live for a very long time.
It should be noted that different species of trees respond to pollarding
in different waysand pollarding may not be suitable
Willow Trees have approximately 95% survival rate whereas Beech Trees
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