PTFE Products, PTFE Seals, PTFE Gaskets

By: J A Harrison & Co  13/02/2011
Keywords: Ptfe Seals, PTFE Gaskets


We have recently introduced the technology and equipment to allow us to process PTFE polymer in-house.

Extensive capital investment on state of the art C.N.C. lathes, as well as presses and ovens for sintering,  give us a complete in-house capability to produce a wide range of PTFE components, as well as semi-finished billets.

Our polymers are purchased strictly from world-recognised manufacturers and include grades such as virgin, glass, carbon and bronze filled, to name but a few.
We can produce both large and small quantities of machined components; these typically include PTFE envelopes, valve seats, bellows, chevron sets and diaphragms.

Having an integrated gasket and PTFE production unit gives us the flexibility to satisfy all of our customers’ needs.

Introduction to PTFE

Since it was discovered more than 50 years ago, new industrial applications of PTFE are found every day.

Thanks to its outstanding physical properties, PTFE is the material choice for a very large variety of products.


PROCESSING OF PTFE

Unlike thermoplastics the viscosity of the gel above the melting point is too high for PTFE to be processed by traditional methods (injection or transfer moulding, rotational moulding…). The process includes three systematic steps:

  • Compression of the powder at ambient temperature,
  • Sintering,
  • Slow cooling.


Compression may be carried out by:

  • Press moulding = rods, sheets, tubes, billets,
  • Isocratic moulding = allowing the near completion of the finished shape at the moulding stage. With other methods, the three steps can be carried out in a continuous operation on one machine:
  • Ram extrusion = thick wall tubes, spaghetti tubing…
  • Paste extrusion = thin wall tubes, spaghetti tubing…

For parts with complicated shapes or tight tolerances one or several machining operations are necessary. J A Harrison is especially equipped for machining these semi-finished products by turning on a lathe (automatic and CNC), milling, drilling, cutting or grinding.


The exceptional strength of the carbon fluorine bond and a high molecular weight – give PTFE a set of outstanding properties:

  • Wide temperature use range: -200oC + 250oC
  • Resistance to virtually all-corrosive chemicals: the chemical inertness of PTFE is unique. PTFE is suitable for almost all chemicals with the exception of fluorine, some flour chemicals and molten alkali metals.
  • Very low coefficient of friction
  • Anti-stick properties
  • Non-flammable
  • Excellent dielectric properties (independent of both frequency and temperature)
  • Good mechanical properties (excellent fatigue resistance, especially in applications involving flexing or vibrations)
  • Excellent tensile strength even at low temperature
  • Non-ageing properties
  • Moisture and U.V. resistance
  • Non-toxic

  • PTFE is recognised as remarkable in its resistance to flame. It is classified as a non-flammable material in air, according to the ASTM D-635 and D-470 test procedures.

 

PTFE Filled Compounds
In spite of its remarkable properties pure or “unfilled” PTFE is inadequate for some engineering uses. Mechanical applications especially require better physical characteristics.

A proper combination of inorganic and metallic fillers will enhance the following factors:

  • Creep resistance,
  • Wear resistance,
  • Thermal conductivity,
  • Arc resistance,
  • Dimensional stability,
  • Hardness.

 

Skived Tape
Applications:

  • Sealing
  • Friction
  • Electrical isolation
  • Anti-corrosion

 

Sheets
Applications:

  • Sealing
  • Friction
  • Electrical insulation
  • Anti-corrosion

 

Sheets can be submitted to a surface treatment on one or both sides which allows bonding to another surface. Max. width : 1500 mm Thickness: 1.5 a 4 mm 0.5 to 25mm Should longer lengths be needed, skived tape can be supplied in long rolls which can be up to 1500 mm wide and between 1 and 4 mm in thickness.


Moulded Rods

Applications;

  • Mechanical
  • Sealing
  • Friction
  • 1.5 metre long rods: On request: 1 metre long moulded rods can be supplied in filled PTFE.

 

Moulded and Ram Extruded Tubes
Applications:

  • Mechanical
  • Sealing
  • Friction

Keywords: PTFE Gaskets, Ptfe Seals

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