DEFRA Approved Wood Burning Stoves for Smoke Controlled Areas in the UK

By: HotPrice.co.uk | Fireplaces in Manchester  12/09/2012
Keywords: wood burning stoves, solid fuel, woodburning stoves

If you live in a Smoke Control Area and would like to install a Wood Burning Stove, the appliance must  be either:

 

An ‘exempt appliance’ using only fuel specified in the appliance instructions or see ‘exempt when burning’ on the DEFRA website (multifuel stoves can also burn authorised smokeless fuels)

or

 

Using an ‘Authorised Smokeless Fuel’

 

Failure to adhere to this could lead to a fine of up to £1,000 for each offence

 

Are you in a Smoke Control Area? check the DEFRA link listed below

 

Legislation for Smoke Control Areas
The Government has the power to authorise ‘smokeless fuels’ (fuels authorised for use in a Smoke Control Area) or ‘exempt appliances’ for use in Smoke Control Areas in England. In Scotland and Wales this power rests with Ministers in their respective parliaments. Separate legislation, the Clean Air Order 1981, applies in Northern Ireland. It is a requirement that fuels burnt or obtained for use in smoke control areas have been ‘authorised’ in regulations and that appliances used to burn solid fuel in those areas (other than ‘authorised smokeless fuels’) have been exempted by an Order made and signed by the Secretary of State or appropriate Minister. Your local authority is responsible for enforcing legislation in smoke control areas. 
 
Government body DEFRA has the definitive list of exempt appliances, Authorised Smokeless Fuels and guidance on smoke related issues. Tel: 08459 335577

Authorised Smokeless Fuels
Stoves that are not an ‘exempt appliance’ which are used inside of a smoke control  area must use ‘authorised smokeless fuel’. A popular choice is anthracite which is high in carbon and low in volatile matter (less than 10%vm). The DEFRA website has a list of ‘authorised smokeless fuels’ searchable by country.

 

Exempted appliances are tested to show they meet the DEFRA smoke control standards for emissions when they burn non ‘authorised smokeless fuels’ such as wood. Firewood is not an ‘authorised smokeless fuel’ and is only permitted for use with an ‘exempt appliance’, which has been exempted specifically for wood burning. Unseasoned, wet wood will burn innefficiently with lots of smoke. Seasoned wood, either air dried or kiln dried will burn with minimal smoke. Look for HETAS certified wood or wood that has a stated moisture content of under 25%. Although this moisture content is not legally required, it is considered best practice to only burn firewood that has a moisture content below this figure. In the exemption notice for appliances, it may state that the wood must be dry seasoned logs or even specify a maximum moisture content.

 

Exempt Appliances
Exempt appliances are appliances (ovens, boilers and stoves) which have been exempted under the Clean Air Act 1993 or Clean Air Order 1981 (Northern Ireland).

 

These have been tested to confirm that they are capable of burning an unauthorised fuel and only emit minimal quantities of smoke.

 

Note: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland may have different definitions of what constitutes an exempt appliance. Check the DEFRA website to ensure that the appliance you wish to purchase is suitable for your area.

 

To view a large range of DEFRA approved stoves visit HotPrice.co.uk

 

Keywords: multifuel stoves, solid fuel, wood burning stove, wood burning stoves, wood stove, wood stoves, woodburning stove, woodburning stoves

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