If you live in
a Smoke Control Area and would like to install a Wood Burning Stove, the appliance must be either:
An ‘exempt appliance’ using only fuel specified in the appliance
instructions or see ‘exempt when burning’ on the DEFRA website (multifuel
stoves can also burn authorised smokeless fuels)
‘Authorised Smokeless Fuel’
Failure to adhere to this could lead to a fine
of up to £1,000 for each offence
Are you in a Smoke Control Area? check
the DEFRA link listed below
Legislation for Smoke Control Areas
Government has the power to authorise ‘smokeless fuels’ (fuels authorised for
use in a Smoke Control Area) or ‘exempt appliances’ for use in Smoke Control
Areas in England. In Scotland and Wales this power rests with Ministers
in their respective parliaments. Separate legislation, the Clean Air Order
1981, applies in Northern Ireland. It is a requirement that fuels burnt or
obtained for use in smoke control areas have been ‘authorised’ in
regulations and that appliances used to burn solid fuel in those areas
(other than ‘authorised smokeless fuels’) have been exempted by an Order
made and signed by the Secretary of State or appropriate Minister. Your
local authority is responsible for enforcing legislation in smoke control
Government body DEFRA has the definitive list of exempt appliances,
Authorised Smokeless Fuels and guidance on smoke related issues.
Tel: 08459 335577
Authorised Smokeless Fuels
Stoves that are not an
‘exempt appliance’ which are used inside of a smoke control area must use
‘authorised smokeless fuel’. A popular choice is anthracite which is high in
carbon and low in volatile matter (less than 10%vm). The DEFRA website has a
list of ‘authorised smokeless fuels’ searchable by country.
appliances are tested to show they meet the DEFRA smoke control standards
for emissions when they burn non ‘authorised smokeless fuels’ such as wood.
Firewood is not an ‘authorised smokeless fuel’ and is only permitted for use
with an ‘exempt appliance’, which has been exempted specifically for wood
burning. Unseasoned, wet wood will burn innefficiently with lots of smoke.
Seasoned wood, either air dried or kiln dried will burn with minimal smoke.
Look for HETAS certified wood or wood that has a stated moisture content
of under 25%. Although this moisture content is not legally required, it is
considered best practice to only burn firewood that has a moisture
content below this figure. In the exemption notice for appliances, it may
state that the wood must be dry seasoned logs or even specify a maximum
Exempt appliances are appliances
(ovens, boilers and stoves) which have been exempted under the Clean
Air Act 1993 or Clean Air Order 1981 (Northern Ireland).
been tested to confirm that they are capable of burning an unauthorised
fuel and only emit minimal quantities of smoke.
Note: England, Wales,
Scotland and Northern Ireland may have different definitions of what
constitutes an exempt appliance. Check the DEFRA website to ensure that
the appliance you wish to purchase is suitable for your area.
To view a large range of DEFRA approved stoves visit HotPrice.co.uk