Men B vaccine

By: The Lanes Medical Practice  24/03/2015
Keywords: occupational health, Medical Doctor, vaccinations

Mengititis B Vaccine not available on the NHS Group B Meningitis Vaccination is now available at. £125 per dose. Meningococcal infection can cause meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord), septicaemia (blood poisoning) or both. It is the commonest bacterial cause of meningitis in the UK. The bacteria, Neisseria meningitidis, normally lives in the back of the throat and nose and around 1 in 10 people carry the bacteria without having the disease. The bacteria is spread through sneezing, coughing and kissing. There are several strains however, the advent of a vaccine against meningitis strain C has meant that Meningococcal group B is the culprit in 85-90% of cases.Meningococcal infection can occur at any age, but around half of cases are in those under 5 years of age, particularly infants less than 1 year. The second main age group is between 15-19 years of age (around 1 in 4 teenagers carry the bacteria). The vaccine is effective against around 88% of the UK circulating strains of meningococcus group B and 78% of the European circulating strains.It can be given from 2 months of age as a three dose schedule. From 6 months, it is a 2 dose schedule with a further dose within 1-2 years depending on age. The duration of protection and further doses has not yet been determined. Prevention Vaccination is now available against the common circulating strains of meningoccocus, we stock the following vaccines. • New-Group B Meningitis Vaccine. From 2 months of age. • Meningitis ACW135Y vaccine-provides effective protection against the major strains occurring globally and is particularly important when travelling. This vaccine also provides protection against Meningococcal C strain. • The Illness Symptoms can develop within hours and can be non-specific. It is [particularly hard to identify the infection in babies. The rash does not always occur. In children and adults symptoms can include: sudden onset of a high fever • a severe headache • dislike of bright lights (photophobia) • vomiting • painful joints • fitting • drowsiness that can deteriorate into a coma • In babies there may also be a:high pitched moaning or whimpering • blank starring, inactivity, hard to wake up • poor feeding • neck retraction with arching of the back • pale and blotchy complexion Septicaemia occurs if the bacteria enter the bloodstream. A characteristic rash develops and may start as a cluster of pinprick blood spots under the skin, spreading to form bruises under the skin. The rash can appear anywhere on the body. It can be distinguished from other rashes by the fact that it does not fade when pressed under the bottom of a glass (the tumbler test). Treatment The infection is treatable with antibiotics. Prompt treatment is essential as the bacteria spreads rapidly. Fatality occurs in about 10% of cases of meningitis and up to 50% of cases of septicaemia. Around 10% of survivors have a major disability as a consequence of the infection. It can be given from 2 months of age as a three dose schedule. From 6 months, it is a 2 dose schedule with a further dose within 1-2 years depending on age. The duration of protection and further doses has not yet been determined. It can be given at the same time as other childhood vaccines and the side effect profile is similar to other vaccines.

Keywords: Medical Doctor, men b, Meningitis B vaccine, occupational health, private GP, travel vaccinations, vaccinations,

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